跳转到: 导航搜索
   auth_basic             "提示信息";
   auth_basic_user_file   nginx_passwd;
   htpasswd -bd nginx_passwd username password
"""Replacement for htpasswd"""
# Original author: Eli Carter

import os
import sys
import random
from optparse import OptionParser

# We need a crypt module, but Windows doesn't have one by default.  Try to find
# one, and tell the user if we can't.
    import crypt
except ImportError:
        import fcrypt as crypt
    except ImportError:
        sys.stderr.write("Cannot find a crypt module.  "

def salt():
    """Returns a string of 2 randome letters"""
    letters = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz' \
    return random.choice(letters) + random.choice(letters)

class HtpasswdFile:
    """A class for manipulating htpasswd files."""

    def __init__(self, filename, create=False):
        self.entries = []
        self.filename = filename
        if not create:
            if os.path.exists(self.filename):
                raise Exception("%s does not exist" % self.filename)

    def load(self):
        """Read the htpasswd file into memory."""
        lines = open(self.filename, 'r').readlines()
        self.entries = []
        for line in lines:
            username, pwhash = line.split(':')
            entry = [username, pwhash.rstrip()]

    def save(self):
        """Write the htpasswd file to disk"""
        open(self.filename, 'w').writelines(["%s:%s\n" % (entry[0], entry[1])
                                             for entry in self.entries])

    def update(self, username, password):
        """Replace the entry for the given user, or add it if new."""
        pwhash = crypt.crypt(password, salt())
        matching_entries = [entry for entry in self.entries
                            if entry[0] == username]
        if matching_entries:
            matching_entries[0][1] = pwhash
            self.entries.append([username, pwhash])

    def delete(self, username):
        """Remove the entry for the given user."""
        self.entries = [entry for entry in self.entries
                        if entry[0] != username]

def main():
    """%prog [-c] -b filename username password
    Create or update an htpasswd file"""
    # For now, we only care about the use cases that affect tests/
    parser = OptionParser(usage=main.__doc__)
    parser.add_option('-b', action='store_true', dest='batch', default=False,
        help='Batch mode; password is passed on the command line IN THE CLEAR.'
    parser.add_option('-c', action='store_true', dest='create', default=False,
        help='Create a new htpasswd file, overwriting any existing file.')
    parser.add_option('-D', action='store_true', dest='delete_user',
        default=False, help='Remove the given user from the password file.')

    options, args = parser.parse_args()

    def syntax_error(msg):
        """Utility function for displaying fatal error messages with usage
        sys.stderr.write("Syntax error: " + msg)

    if not options.batch:
        syntax_error("Only batch mode is supported\n")

    # Non-option arguments
    if len(args) < 2:
        syntax_error("Insufficient number of arguments.\n")
    filename, username = args[:2]
    if options.delete_user:
        if len(args) != 2:
            syntax_error("Incorrect number of arguments.\n")
        password = None
        if len(args) != 3:
            syntax_error("Incorrect number of arguments.\n")
        password = args[2]

    passwdfile = HtpasswdFile(filename, create=options.create)

    if options.delete_user:
        passwdfile.update(username, password)

if __name__ == '__main__':